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Topher McDougal and Robert Muggah
- Topher McDougal is Assistant Professor of Economic Development and Peacebuilding at the Kroc School of Peace Studies at the University of San Diego, where he specializes in the microeconomic causes and consequences of armed violence and illicit trades. Dr. McDougal is also a research affiliate at the Centre for Conflict, Development and Peace at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, in Switzerland. Robert Muggah, a specialist in security and development, is the research director of the Igarapé Institute in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and principal of the SecDev Group in Toronto, Canada. Dr. Muggah is also affiliated with the Instituto de Relações Internacionais, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro as well as the Centre for Conflict, Development and Peace at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, in Switzerland. He is former research director of the Small Arms Survey.
Posts by Topher McDougal and Robert Muggah:
America is a violent place by any standard. The national firearm-related death rate....